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Council on Hemispheric Affairs

Entrevista con Dr. Eduardo Mindreau, Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales de la Universidad del Pacífico

1.  Peter Tase: ¿Cual es su opinión sobre las relaciones bilaterales comerciales entre Perú y EE.UU.?

Eduardo Mindreau: La balanza comercial a fines del 2012 fue negativa para el Perú en alrededor de US$ 1,495.5 millones. En mi opinión, esto ocurrió en parte por medidas que el gobierno estadounidense sigue ejecutando para superar la crisis financiera, como la reducción de importaciones. Sobre esto, Jürgen Schuldt, reconocido economista de nuestra casa de estudios, plantea la posibilidad de que el Perú esté ayudando a mejorar la balanza comercial de Estados Unidos por pequeña que sea su contribución. Por lo tanto, podíamos afirmar que las relaciones bilaterales no son recíprocas del todo.

2.  PT: ¿Qué impacto ha tenido la industria del turismo en la economía peruana durante los últimos 3 años?

EM: Un impacto significativo. El turismo en el Perú viene aumentando por encima del resto de países de la región lo que ha generado una mejora de nuestra economía ya que aumentaron los puestos de trabajo y el comercio interno. Sin embargo, para poder hacer sostenible este crecimiento es recomendable mejorar ciertos aspectos evidentes como una mayor infraestructura, facilidades de sanidad, mayor protección de nuestros recursos naturales y mejorar seguridad ciudadana; así como el potenciamiento de otros atractivos turísticos del país con el fin de distribuir el crecimiento.

3.  PT: ¿Cómo se pueden resumir las relaciones comerciales entre Perú y Chile, y Perú y Colombia?

EM: Nuestras relaciones con Chile y Colombia siempre han estado guiadas por la búsqueda de una integración regional que permita una mayor circulación de bienes, servicios, capitales y personas. Creo que iniciativas como la eliminación del requisito de visas para los empresarios y la creación de una bolsa de valores conjunta entre Chile, Perú y Colombia (Mercado Integrado Latinoamericano –MILA) pueden dar fe de esa intención.

Read more

http://www.coha.org/entrevista-con-dr-eduardo-mindreau-decano-de-la-facultad-de-ciencias-empresariales-de-la-universidad-del-pacifico/

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Scoff No More at Paraguay

By: Peter Tase, Guest Scholar at the Council on Hemispheric Affairs            

Paraguayan President Horacio Cartes has prioritized efforts to link Paraguay closer to the Asia-Pacific countries as a major component of his overall strategic objective. Despite this prioritization, the country’s foreign ministry has made few concrete steps towards reaching out to grasp President Cartes’ aspiration. Asunción’s meager assets certainly make the goal challenging, but the country’s Foreign Ministry has failed to explore several options, particularly improved bilateral relations with Bolivia.

Paraguay faces the fundamental challenge of an unfavorable geographic position. Along with Bolivia, it is one of the two landlocked countries of South America. This geographic limitation has forced Asunción to resort to political pressure and regional foreign policy management to build global economic connections. The Bolivian border holds unexplored potential for Paraguayan exports and economic growth. La Paz could provide a pathway for Paraguay’s agricultural products to gain access to all of the markets in the Andean region, as well as the ten member countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), where Paraguayan products are in high demand. Establishing closer ties with Bolivia would help Paraguay avoid its normally troubled trade routes through Argentina, which often have proved to be problematic and have caused a great deal of frustration of Paraguayan trade ambitions. Paraguayan export-import companies whose shipments pass through Argentinean territory are subject to extensive searches by border patrol and are often delayed by port authorities in Buenos Aires. [1] Despite the improvements in trade, poverty levels, and economic integration that a shift toward Bolivia would bring, some critics maintain that the Paraguayan Foreign Ministry has done little to increase trade relations with La Paz. [2]

Read more:

http://www.coha.org/scoff-no-more-at-paraguay/

 

ENTREVISTA CON EL MINISTRO DE EDUCACIÓN Y CULTURA DEL PARAGUAY

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ENTREVISTA CON EL MINISTRO DE EDUCACIÓN Y CULTURA DEL PARAGUAY
Horacio Galeano Perrone, Ministro de Educación y Cultura del Paraguay comparte su punto de vista sobre sus éxitos y desafíos con el Consejo de Asuntos Hemisféricos, Washington, D.C.

Esta entrevista fue llevada a cabo por Peter Tase, un ex – analista para el Consejo de Asuntos Hemisféricos, en el 30 de noviembre de 2012. Esta entrevista no representa los puntos de vista del Consejo sobre los recientes incidentes en Paraguay.

Ministro Perrone nació en Mariscal Estigarribia, Chaco, el 13 de Octubre de 1945. Perrone recibió su título de Abogado y de Escribano Público de la Universidad Nacional de Asunción. Además, es egresado del Centro de Desarrollo Social Integral de la Organización de Estados Americanos en Buenos Aires, Argentina. También, ha hecho estudios de posgrado en el Instituto de Docencia e Investigación Jurídica en Chile, en la Academia de Historia Militar del Paraguay y en el Colegio Nacional de Guerra del Paraguay. Horacio Perrone fue nombrado cuatro veces al cargo de Ministro de Educación y Cultura, y ha recibido seis títulos de Honoris Causa de varias universidades del Brasil, Paraguay, Perú y Uruguay.

COHA: ¿Cuáles son los principales objetivos que el Ministerio de Educación y Cultura (MEC) está forjando e implementando para tener un exitoso año nuevo escolar?

PERRONE: Desde el 15 de febrero, nuestro ministerio está planeando en ampliar la cantidad de los estudiantes beneficiados al programa de merienda escolar durante el corriente año educativo. Todavía siguen vigentes los contratos plurianuales firmados por el MEC con varias empresas proveedoras que suma una inversión con más de cinco millones de dólares.  Con este programa de alimentación, tenemos como objetivo optimizar las condiciones de aprendizaje de los niños al mejorar su nutrición.

A partir de los primeros días de clase, se tiene previsto iniciar la entrega de 1.565.000 kits escolares en todas las escuelas del interior del país; la distribución se hará a través de los 17 gobiernos departamentales. Actualmente, un equipo liderado por la Directora General de Educación Media, Alcira Sosa, está encargándose de organizar la recepción y el empaquetado de los útiles.

COHA: ¿Cuáles son algunos proyectos que está promoviendo el Fondo Nacional de Inversión Pública y Desarrollo (FONACIDE)?

PERRONE: A fines de enero fue presentado el plan “una computadora por niño” y el “Programa paraguayo para el desarrollo de la ciencia y la tecnología—pro-ciencia.” Ambos proyectos van a ser financiados por el FONACIDE y con la colaboración del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT).

Read the intervew:

https://cohistas.wordpress.com/2013/02/21/entrevista-con-ministro-de-educacion-y-cultura-del-paraguay/

COHA

COHA in the Public Arena March (10 -15) On Monday, March 11, the Council on Hemispheric Affairs was mentioned by the Jamaica Observer in an article titled, “US think tank queries future of ALBA, Petrocaribe without Chávez.” Please click here to read the article. On Tuesday March 12, COHA Research...

COHA in the Public Arena March (10 -15)

By on March 15, 2013 | Comments (0)

 

On Thursday, March 14, COHA Research Fellow Peter Tase wrote an article in Eurasia Review titled, “Paraguay Makes Progress in Exploring Natural Gas Reserves.” Please click here to read the article.

 On Friday, March 15, COHA Research Fellow Peter Tase wrote an article in Eurasia Review titled, “Mining Resources in Paraguay: Profile.” Please click here to read the article.

NEW ARTICLES PUBLISHED AT “COHA.ORG” BY P.TASE

news-transCOHA.ORG-A CONVERSATION WITH DR. BLAS ODDONE (PARAGUAY)
A Flourishing Economy in the Heart of South America
• As seen from Asunción A Conversation with Dr. Blas Oddone, Commerce Attaché at the Embassy of
Paraguay, Washington, D.C.
COHA: What are Paraguay’s advantages in terms of economic growth?
A: Paraguay’s economy grew at almost 7 percent annually until the world financial crisis in 2008, when the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) slipped somewhat. Nonetheless, it is expected to utperform the projections this year and show steady growth. The country’s extensive and relatively inexpensive
arable land has been only moderately utilized, and as a result, the agricultural sector holds considerable potential. In addition, the country has a friendly business environment. For example, the number of procedures required to start an average business in the country is less than half of what is required in Argentina and Brazil. Paraguay also has an extremely favorable tax regime for business, with the corporate income tax pegged at an average of 10 percent. However, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Mission Director based in Asunción points out that Paraguay is a country featuring major tax evasion, and reforming the tax system is a critical step for achieving economic stability. The land-locked country still suffers from high levels of poverty in some regions and districts. The government has
targeted poverty reduction as a principle priority, and has named improvement of the education system, judicial reform, and urban crime reduction as other must do initiatives.
COHA: What are the major opportunities for growth in Paraguay?
A: Paraguay has a number of competitive advantages to its credit. It is known for cattle-raising, and
is also a major exporter of agricultural products. In 2009, it was the world’s fifth largest soy bean and sesame seed exporter. Paraguay is the sixth largest exporter of Yerba Mate in the world, and the ninth largest for boneless meat exports. The country produces the world’s highest surplus of electricity per
capita. Paraguay is also the world’s fifth largest per capita producer of renewable energy, much of which comes from hydroelectric sources. Importantly, Paraguay also has one of the youngest populations in the Americas, with 73 percent of citizens under the age of 34, indicating a low dependency ratio down the line. Finally, in a country risk study, Paraguay was ranked ninth among all Latin American countries.
The study integrated several indicators including economic performance, political risk and the degree of access to bank finance and capital markets. Furthermore, Paraguay has the second lowest debt rate in Latin America. The Guarani/Spanish-speaking nation of Paraguay ranks ahead of Brazil and Argentina
in the World Bank’s 2011 “Starting a Business” indicator. As the Minister of Commerce and Industry, the
Hon. Francisco Rivas Almada said: “We want to bring talent back to Paraguay; we want investors and the experience they gained in developed countries; we want them to use it in our country.”
(Read more…)

COHA.ORG – INTERVEW WITH DR. BLAS ODDONE (PARAGUAY
news-transCOHA.ORG – BELIZEAN PRESERVATION
On April 1, the Belizean Minister of Tourism, Manuel Heredia, together with
Diane Haylock of the Institute of Culture and History, and George Thompson
from the Institute of Archeology, signed an agreement to maintain, preserve and
improve the conditions of the Marco Gonzalez National Park. This tourist destination
is located in the southern part of the country, approximately four miles
from the city of San Pedro. With this agreement, the Marco Gonzalez National
Park will be accorded the same standard of maintenance as other parks in the
region. The government will also award USD 20,000 for the construction of a
bridge which will make the park more accessible. The Marco Gonzalez Natural
Park includes one of the largest ancient ruins in the Ambergris Caye area. It surrounds
an area of about 800 yards by 200 yards and contains over 60 different
ruins. According to Dr. Salvatore Mazzullo of Wichita State University, the ruins
date back over 2,000 years and were constructed during the post-classic era.
Many experts consider the Marco Gonzalez Ruins to be one of the oldest archeological
sites in the nation. The presence of large numbers of artifacts located
beneath the surface indicates that the area may have been significantly larger
centuries ago. With the signing of this agreement, Dean Barrow’s government
has shown that national parks, and in particular archeological sites, are important
to the current administration, as they are vital to the preservation of Belizean
culture.
Research Associate Peter Tase
(Read more…)
 COHA.ORG – BELIZEAN PRESERVATION

news-transCOHA.ORG-PARAGUAY
The Pentagon is known to believe that the
Ejército del Pueblo Paraguayo (EPP), presents a growing threat to Paraguayan se-curity, especially in the northwestern department of Concepción.
Founded in March 2008, the EPP is a self-proclaimed Marxist group whose violent actions aim to drive out the political oligar-chy currently ruling in Paraguay. Prompted by an attack against a police post that resulted in the deaths of two officers, the Para-guayan special security forces on high alert have recently begun offensive actions to confront and fight the EPP in the city of Horqueta.
With a group of around one hundred fifty elite guards from Para-guay‘s National Police headquarters, forces have been stationed in various parts of the region. Furthermore, the armed forces are currently aiding the police with intelligence and logistical support. According to Vice President Federico Franco, the
government ―will give only war to the EPP‖until the insurgency group is eradicated. Horacio Galeano Perrone, the director gen-eral of the National Defense Postgraduate School, vowed that the military forces would continue to collaborate with police in the area, even though a state of emergency in Concepció had not been declared. Perrone stated, ―What I can assure you is that the operations are more accurate than ever. Intelligence is work-ing around the clock and embodies a high spirit of patriotism.‖
A proposal to declare a state of emergency in the department of Concepció has been reviewed by the lower chamber of Para-guayan Congress. President Fernando Lugo approved it October 10, 2011, stating, ―this is a government that does not close the eyes and ears to the real problems of the country.‖
This analysis was prepared by COHA Research Fellow Peter Tase
(Read more…)
COHA. ORG-PARAGUAY

 

news-transCOHA.COM – BOLIVIA BRIEF
On March 8, 2011 the state-owned Oil Production Company of Bolivia, Ya-cimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales Bolivianos, (YPFB) and the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI) signed an agreement to increase the quality of educa-tion, research, and cultural training for YPFB workers. YPFB is currently one of the largest state-run oil companies dedicated to petroleum exploration in the Bolivian Andes, and is now planning to invest USD 160,000 in several education projects to revive this lagging sector. In order to move forward with this initia-tive, YPFB has decided to join forces with OEI, which already possesses a wealth of experience in education and cultural programs.
After signing the agreement with OEI representatives, the president of YPFB, Carlos Villegas, emphasized that the “Bolivian economy is based on natural, renewable, and non-renewable resources. The oil production and research company of Bolivia is the most important governmental company in the nation, and we think that it is a priority for its production to promote the deep re-search and understanding of our oil reserves. Essentially, information and re-search is the most important factor for the development of this company and for a country such as Bolivia.” This organization will be equipped with various cultural centers that will promote a unique model on education, raise aware-ness of the state-run company and plan cultural events for its employees. The core mission of this new project is to promote continuing education within the petroleum industry. The national oil corporation of Bolivia will preserve its long tradition as one of the major entities contributing to the national economy. The OEI and Bolivia look to strengthen relations through expanded education and cultural projects coordinated between them, including holding photo exhibi-tions, promoting the positive economic impact of YPFB and bring Bolivia’s ties closer with the OEI community.
Research Associate Peter Tase
(Read more…)

COHA.ORG-BOLIVIA BRIEF

An Interview with the President of the Republic of Paraguay

An Interview with the President of the Republic of Paraguay, Dr. Federico Franco Gómez

BY Peter Tase, Research Fellow at Council on Hemispheric Affairs

Posted on August 17, 2012

The newly installed President of the Republic of Paraguay, Dr. Federico Franco Gomez, was born in Asunción, on July 23, 1962. In 1986, he graduated as a Medical Doctor and Surgeon from the faculty of Medical Science at the National University of Asunción. Afterwards, he went on to obtain a postdoctoral degree in internal medicine. From 1991 to 1996, Franco Gomez served as a councilman for the municipality of Fernando de la Mora and then as the mayor of the same municipality from 1996 to 2001.

http://www.coha.org/an-interview-with-the-president-of-the-republic-of-paraguay-dr-federico-franco-gomez/

Colombia

Colombia Prepares to Welcome the Americas to Cartagena for Next Week’s OAS Summit

By Research Fellow Peter Tase and Research Associate Roman Suver from the Council on Hemispheric Affairs on April 5, 2012 | Comments (1)

Cuba’s Absence Intolerable and Indefensible The upcoming Sixth Summit of the Americas will be held in the resort city of Cartagena, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, from April 14th to 15th, 2012. [1] Thirty-three heads of government, representing all of the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS)…

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Entrevista con el Embajador de la República de Nicaragua Francisco Campbell

Interview with Ambassador of the Republic of Nicaragua Francisco Campbell / Entrevista con el Embajador de la República de Nicaragua Francisco Campbell

By Peter Tase Research Fellow for the Council on Hemispheric Affairs on February 9, 2012 |Comments (0)

¿Cómo puede caracterizar las relaciones entre Nicaragua y los Estados Unidos? En este momento, puedo decir que por primera vez en la historia estamos trabajando en la construcción de una relación madura. Cuando el presidente Barack Obama participó en la V cumbre de las Américas en Trinidad y Tobago en…

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Colombia se prepara para patrocinar la VI Cumbre de las Américas

  • La ciudad de Cartagena de Indias, una de las ciudades más antiguas de nuestro hemisferio, se está preparando para  auspiciar la  cumbre de la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA),  que se celebra cada tres años en uno de los países miembros de dicha organización.[1] Este evento brindará la oportunidad de...

    Colombia se prepara para patrocinar la VI Cumbre de las Américas

    By Peter Tase Research Fellow at the Council on Hemispheric Affairs on February 16, 2012 |Comments (0)

    La ciudad de Cartagena de Indias, una de las ciudades más antiguas de nuestro hemisferio, se está preparando para  auspiciar la  cumbre de la Organización de Estados Americanos (OEA),  que se celebra cada tres años en uno de los países miembros de dicha organización.[1] Este evento brindará la oportunidad de…

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