Tag Archives: AZERBAJIAN

ILLEGAL VISITS TO OCCUPIED AZERBAIJANI LANDS

Although the Azerbaijani Ministry of Foreign Affairs has regularly warned all the foreign nationals to refrain themselves from travelling to the occupied territories in and around the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the number of foreign officials, journalists, and musicians paying illegal visits to the occupied Azerbaijani lands show no signs of abating. Even the figures representing the legislative branches of certain states do not refrain from visiting the occupied territories. Recently the Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry has summoned Portugal’s Charge d’ Affaires over the illegal visit of Portuguese parliamentarian Rubina Berardo to the Azerbaijani territories occupied by Armenia. In addition, a few days later, Canadian parliamentarian Tony Clement paid an illegal visit to Nagorno-Karabakh with the direct assistance of the Canadian bureau of the Armenian National Committee and the Armenian lobby. Azerbaijani MFA has denounced this visit either and characterized this act as another Armenian provocation. This list can further be expanded. Almost in every cases, the Azerbaijani side faces with the same reply: visits to Nagorno-Karabakh …..
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“Eurasia Hoy” American Spanish-language newspaper has published an article by international relations expert Peter Tase titled “Impressive progress during the administration of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev”

Tue 26 August 2014 10:39 GMT | 4:39 Local Time

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An American newspaper has published an article about our President.

“Eurasia Hoy” American Spanish-language newspaper has published an article by international relations expert Peter Tase titled “Impressive progress during the administration of President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev” (http://eurasiahoy.com/25082014-el-impresionante-progreso-de-azerbaiyan-bajo-la-gestion-del-presidente-ilham-aliyev/).

The article reads that, according to Greek mythology, Prometheus, who stole fire from the gods and brought it to the people, was chained to the Caucasus Mountains. Azerbaijan, often referred to as the “Land of Fire”, is rich in oil and gas. These natural resources are the basis of the economy of Azerbaijan and the course of socio-economic development of the country, pledged by historical leader Heydar Aliyev, P.Tase says.

The author writes that due to the geographical position of Azerbaijan, the country had bad times after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Local wars in the regions of Georgia (South Ossetia and Abkhazia) and Azerbaijan (Nagorno-Karabakh) created problems for the region’s economy. Despite the difficulties, the Administration of the President of the Heydar Aliyev had to re-build the country’s statehood. According to the expert, Heydar Aliyev was a long-sighted leader who was able to establish financial order, regional peace and to create democratic institutions in Baku.

P.Tase gives information about the geopolitical situation of Azerbaijan, noting that the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which brought 35,000 victims, create a negative economic impact. Since the early 2000s, economic progress has become more prominent, attracting investors from abroad, Baku was transformed into one of the most dynamic economic centers of the world, focusing on new technologies.

The author then provides statistical data on economic growth in Azerbaijan. He notes that from 2002 to 2006 the state revenues doubled, and from 2006 to 2008 they tripled. In 2008 there was a comparative economic slowdown due to the global economic crisis, but the economy of Azerbaijan soon revived. This trend can be seen by observing the significant increase in GDP per capita. Transformation of Azerbaijan from a low-income country to an average income was fairly quick, thanks to the strong will of President Heydar Aliyev and the current leader Ilham Aliyev, the expert emphasizes.

In conclusion, the author writes that for 2014-2015 Azerbaijani leadership has developed a package of proposals on incentive mechanisms of increasing the volume of foreign investment in non-oil industry, according to which local production, labor productivity and competitiveness of goods produced in the country will increase. Expert calls for the early integration of Azerbaijan with the World Trade Organization (WTO).

News.Az

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http://news.az/articles/official/91500

US expert writes on Azerbaijan’s strategic relations with United States

Wed 16 April 2014 07:00 GMT | 1:00 Local Time

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The U.S. news portal “Foreign Policy News” has issued an article titled “Azerbaijan’s strategic relations with the United States” by expert on international relations Peter Tase.

The article reads: “Since its independence in 1991, the Republic of Azerbaijan places a special importance to the relations with Western countries and particularly with the United States of America.

While maintaining such strong relations, with the United States, this partnership has always helped strengthen Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity, secured better economic reforms for its people, promoted regional transportation projects and above all, Washington has highly supported the democratic values and governance in Baku.

The United States opened its embassy in Baku, and established its diplomatic relations in 1992. The United States has demonstrated a great commitment to help Azerbaijan establish an open market economy and embrace the strengthening democratic institutions and an independent justice system.

The United States has supported efforts that bring peace and prosperity in the region, as well as promoted peaceful ways to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

An important project where the United States has played a critical role is the Oil and Gas Transportation Projects, the establishment of the trans-regional corridors that will physically connect Europe with Azerbaijan, generate important revenue for its people and above all secure a long lasting partnership of this majestic nation, at the heart of the Caspian Sea, with the United States.

The close cooperation between Baku and Washington is a fundamental component for Azerbaijan in order to be integrated in the Global Economic network.

An important initiative in the area of regional economic development is the establishment of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan strategic pipeline, a corridor that would deliver the Caspian Sea’s oil and hydrogen carbonate resources to the World Market as well as integrate Azerbaijan’s economy with the world’s commerce. This pipeline took shape at the OSCE Istanbul Summit in 1999, where the presidents of Azerbaijan, Turkey, United States, Georgia, Kazakhstan, signed the mutual declaration on the development of the Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan corridor.

Another important project is the recent joint venture of a group of companies led by BP in signing a US$45 billion deal to transport natural gas, through a pipe line, from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz field to Italy, offering the European Union an alternative to Russian supplies.

Through this deal, BP will expand the Shah Deniz project in the Caspian Sea and the construction of pipelines across Turkey and into Greece, Albania and Italy. In a statement of December 2013, BP stated that “Production from the field will increase by 16 billion cubic meters a year. That is equal to about 1.5 percent of Europe’s total consumption.

Azerbaijan’s economic relations with United States have flourished since the establishment of their diplomatic ties in 1992. Both countries have a bilateral trade agreement and a bilateral investment treaty.

According to the State Department, American energy companies, are engaged in “offshore oil development projects with Azerbaijan” as well as are exploring opportunities in the telecommunications sector. Additionally, Baku has been designated as a beneficiary country under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program, under which a range of products that Azerbaijan might seek to export are eligible for duty-free entry to the United States.

This program is essential for Azeri investors who produce commodities in the Caspian nation and are able to export duty free products that can promote Azerbaijan’s international trade objectives in the US Markets.

The Republic of Azerbaijan, under the assistance of United States armed Forces, has improved the performance of its inter-operational units which are present now in Iraq, field troops in Afghanistan as well as Kosovo.

According to the Department of Defense, in the last decade, United States has showed a great commitment towards strengthening Azerbaijan’s security forces and improves its role to contribute to security and stability in the broader region. The U.S. supports the development of Azerbaijan’s defense and security institutions, includes training and advising in civil-military relations, professional military education, and emergency management.”

The full text of the article is available at http://foreignpolicynews.org/2014/04/10/azerbaijans-strategic-relations-united-states/.

AzerTAc

“The Caucasus region must not be a victim of these unnecessary provocations”

Sat 01 November 2014 05:49 GMT | -1:49 Local Time

Interview with Peter Tase, Special Assistant to the Secretary General of the International Federation of Engineering Education Societies and to the Executive Secretary of the Global Engineering Deans Council.

The recent meeting held in Paris between the Presidents of Azerbaijan, Armenia and France, according to some French diplomats, was held in a “very positive atmosphere”, after President Aliyev’s trip to France, can we hope that Europeans may contribute more in the peace process between Baku and Yerevan than the United States and the Russian Federation?

On October 27, 2014, President Ilham Aliyev met in Paris with his counterpart, the President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan, together with the co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group in Paris. Later was held a bilateral meeting between the two heads of state, followed by another meeting with the leaders of OSCE Minsk Group and subsequently the presidents of Azerbaijan, Armenia and France attended the third session of this important Summit, followed by an official dinner.  Unfortunately we did not see a tangible result from these talks.

It is clear that the three heads of state had somewhat fruitful meetings in the French Capital at a time when the geostrategic role of the United States in the Caucasus region is substantially diminishing, towards resolving the long lasting conflict of Nagorno Karabakh (NK) even though James Warlick, a US co-chair of the OSCE Minsk group had participated in these talks.  During the past 22 years, the OSCE Minsk group has not brought any sustainable solution to the NK conflict, it has proved to be obsolete, in this context the European Union must reinvigorate the negotiations’ platform and set feasible goals and objectives in a five year time frame so that by 2019 the peace process between Armenia and Azerbaijan is accomplished and the Province of Nagorno Karabakh is internationally recognized within the territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan.  The territorial demands of Armenia are against international laws and violate four resolutions approved by the United Nations Security Council in 1993.  If we were to follow the logic of Yerevan, then we would not have the Republic of India as it stands today, but instead we would have over seventy independent countries if we were to divide the current Indian Territory according to its large number of ethnic groups that speak their own languages.  In the same vein, even though France and Russia are leading the negotiation process, the United States must take a leadership role in solving this decades’ long conflict of Nagorno Karabakh and strengthen its bilateral ties with Baku.  It is unfortunate that US Secretary of State John Kerry has not yet fulfilled his promised official visit to Azerbaijan.  Such a visit was announced in March 19, 2014, by his Ambassador in Baku and it still has not taken place.  Additionally the Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel has not undertaken an official visit to Azerbaijan even though the Minister of Defense of Azerbaijan Safar Abiyev had paid an official visit in the Pentagon in August 5, 2013.  If we consider the United States to be one of the superpowers in the Eurasian geopolitical landscape, Washington must be more engaged and truly defend the interests of its allies in the Caucasus region and contribute towards strengthening democratic institutions not with words but with real actions.  The fact of this matter is that the United States does not have a better strategic ally than Azerbaijan throughout the whole Caucasus region and Central Asia.

There are rumors that Armenians are ready to withdraw from seven occupied regions of Azerbaijan around Nagorno Karabakh itself to receive economic dividends that they would benefit from an economic cooperation with Azerbaijan. Do you believe that this a logical scenario that could take place in the current geopolitical environment in the region?

There are over 17 million people living in the South Caucasus, which is indeed a small but diverse region, geographically spread into three nations: Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia. It contains one of the highest concentrations of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) per capita in the World. Almost 1.5 million people have suffered a displacement by armed conflicts over the last 20 years in Azerbaijan alone. Unlike any other country in Eurasia, the government of Azerbaijan has been very successful towards accommodating those families that still suffer from being internally displaced.

I am skeptical that these initiatives taken by the Armenian communities in Azerbaijan are really taking place. Armenia conducts a regular propaganda warfare to divert the attention from the provocations of its Armed Forces in the border with Azerbaijan and most importantly it has taken a unilateral decision to isolate the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan from the mainland of Azerbaijan.  Today everyone who wants to travel by road and air from Nakhchivan to Baku, has to cross the border to Iran in order to reach the eastern territories of Azerbaijan. This is politically unacceptable and does not contribute towards a regional economic integration and preservation of peace and stability between Yerevan and Baku.  Additionally, Armenia must make a public apology for all the massacres and atrocities committed by its armed forces against the people of Azerbaijan for more than two decades; withdraw its armed forces and refrain from its annexation aspirations of Nagorno Karabakh and embrace peace and stability in the region.  It is highly hypocritical and it does not help regional stability if you have the Foreign Minister of the artificial Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Karen Mirzoyan deliver a lecture on October 30, 2014, at the Carleton University of Ottawa, focused on the regional security in the South Caucasus, and in the same day, Armenian Armed Forces violated the ceasefire 17 times in the villages of Sarijali, Shuraabad in Aghdam region, and in the village of Kuropatkino region of Khojavend and in the village of Horadiz, Fuzuli region and in the hills of Khojavend and Fuzuli regions.

The international community must be aware of these atrocities, border clashes and constant provocations by Armenian soldiers.  The Caucasus region must not be a victim of these unnecessary provocations, and Armenia is certainly pouring gasoline into fire at a faster pace than the region can afford.  I must reiterate that since the beginning of the war in 1988, 20 percent of Azerbaijan’s territory has been occupied by Armenian armed forces, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding regions.  A fragile ceasefire has been implemented in 1994 however Yerevan continues to refuse the implementation of the four resolutions by the U.N. Security Council and undertake a pullout from Azerbaijan’s territories.  Armenian president Serzh Sargsyan must lower his sword and become a true XXI century visionary leader, just like Heydar Aliyev, the founding father of modern Azerbaijan, was for his country, and not simply sit on the negotiation table (with his regional counterparts) at the same time when his armed forces undertake another deadly attack against Azerbaijani border patrols.  The same principal applies to Minister Mirzoyan: the latter talked about security in the Caucasus and at the same time he became part of the problem by advocating the establishment of unlawful enclaves and constant ethnic cleansing in the Azerbaijani soil.  Who would want to listen to his hypocritical presentation?
Another unacceptable act was the recent visit of Mayor Marlene Mourier from the French town of Bourg-les-Valence, to Azerbaijan’s occupied territories; her actions are illegal and an act of provocation.  The signing of a twinning agreement with Mayor Artsvik Sargsyan, on October 8th, in the occupied town of Shusha is a violation of international law and goes against the recent Summit in Paris.  It is unfortunate that we continue to have public figures in Western Europe who decide to openly violate International laws and treaties and not acknowledge crimes against humanity.

How would you describe the role of United States in the Caucasus Region peace process, considering that Washington is very distant from this area?

The United States has been reluctant to take a leadership role in solving the Nagorno Karabakh (NK) conflict.  The negotiation process by the OSCE Minsk Group has not been successful towards seeking a negotiated outcome that is sustainable politically and guarantees peace in the region.   The current status quo is very unpleasant and Armenia and Azerbaijan must agree to make concessions that would bring a start to the negotiation process.  Now is the time for the United States to take a leadership role and make tangible suggestions – US state department officials must conduct extensive visits in the region – that bring an internationally acceptable solution to this conflict.  Washington must call upon the international community to send a monitoring team in the border areas in order to observe first-hand the violations committed by Armenian forces in the so-called frozen conflict.  Armenia must allow the participation of the so-called government authorities of NK to participate in the negotiation table.  At the same time Armenian propaganda machine does not help when biased information is constantly published and as a result foreign audiences are not well informed.  Provocative actions do not end here: on October 30th, Armenian authorities inaugurated a Kindergarten center in the occupied region of Zangilan, to celebrate the anniversary of Armenian invasion. This is another offensive action and is counterproductive to the recent Summit in Paris.  Armenians never lived on the territory of Zangilan which was occupied by Armenian armed forces on October 29, 1993; these events confirm the annexation policies of occupied territories by Armenia, while violating the Geneva Convention and International Laws.

We all know about rich and powerful Armenian lobby in the US. What should be done to make Azerbaijani voice louder? 

The government of Azerbaijan has been implementing a proactive strategy towards letting the world know the truth about the massive atrocities and current disinformation conducted by the Armenian State Media and national newspapers.  I am confident that such dynamic measures taken by government authorities of Azerbaijan who lead the strategic communication policies will very soon have its positive results and hopefully the US policy makers will realize that America’s staunchest ally in the region is Azerbaijan.  In respect to the current influences of the Armenian lobby in Washington D.C. we must acknowledge that there are major diaspora organizations that are more powerful than Armenians in the United States.  Washington must not rely on the information provided by an infinite number of lobbying groups on K Street, it has the tools and resources to assert the situation on the ground and take decisions that are appropriate to US national interests, its Foreign Policy and guarantee the territorial integrity of its most trusted allies such as Azerbaijan.

L.H.
News.Az

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“The Caucasus region must not be a victim of these unnecessary provocations”

01.11.2014 05:49 GMT

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Interview with Peter Tase, Special Assistant to the Secretary General of the International Federation of Engineering Education Societies and to the Executive Secretary of the Global Engineering Deans Council.

Foreign Policy News: Ordubad: an ancient city in the heart of Eurasia

19.10.2014 [14:00]

Washington, October 19, AzerTAc

The US news portal Foreign Policy News has issued an articled titled “Ordubad: an ancient city in the heart of Eurasia” by Peter Tase, a research scholar of International Affairs, who attended the 4th Baku International Humanitarian Forum and visited the country`s Ordubad region.

“The center of Ordubad has breathtaking views, very welcoming people and a warm atmosphere to international visitors who unfortunately rarely travel to these areas of Azerbaijan,” says Mr. Tase.

“The city of Ordubad has a historic building that dates back in the 17th century, namely the Qeyyseriye building, located near the bazar and currently used as a museum; it continues to be one of the three Qeyseriyye buildings in this region. The other two buildings were in Samarkand and Tabriz. Since 1990 this building has been used as historical and ethnography museum.”

“Ordubad is a region with an ancient history and possesses specific national and moral values. It is located on the foothills of the Gapydjyg in the Minor Caucasus. Impressive mountains dominate the landscape; its smaller part consists of foothill areas and only 5 percent of flat areas. It has extremely rich flora and fauna. The settlement is mostly located on the foothill area and has abundant fresh water reserves that are used for irrigation and daily consumption.”

He says: “This area is considered one of the most ancient human settlements in the world and the place where humanity was shaped. The name of Ordubad is mentioned for the first time in the written sources of the 5th century. The Gemigaya Mountain, considered one of the great pantheons of the ancient world is also located in Ordubad. The mountain carvings and the settlements located here enable to trace back the cultural development and the lifestyle of the ancient population settled on the territory of Ordubad in the 7th through the 1st century B.C. The settlements and necropolises rich in the remnants of culture of the 2nd-1st millenniums B.C exist on the territory of such settlements as Ordubad, Sabirkend, Plovdagh and Kharaba Gilan. These remnants ensure the ancient establishment of Ordubad going back in more than seven thousand years ago.”

“In the early 18th century Ordubad was part of the Safavi Empire. In 1724 Ordubad was annexed by the Ottoman Empire and conquered by Iranian ruler Nadir Shah. Thousands of Ordubad residents became victims of Armenian terrorism and were subjected to persecution in the early 20th century.

The wonderful nature, enigmatic world and natural beauty raised the interest of a number of travelers in the 19-20th centuries. Russian scientist I. Shopen, Polish researcher A. Petzold, French writer A. Duma and others glorified this beauty and left Azerbaijan with great impressions from Ordubad.” The full text of the article is available at http://foreignpolicynews.org/2014/10/17/ordubad-ancient-city-heart-eurasia/.

Yusif Babanli

Special correspondent

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http://azertag.az/en/xeber/803967

Foreign Policy News: Azerbaijan maintains impressive economic growth and public works

12.10.2014 [12:38]

Baku, October 12 (AzerTAc). U.S.-based Foreign Policy News has published an article headlined “Azerbaijan maintains impressive economic growth and public works”.

Written by Peter Tase, a contributor, freelance journalist and a research scholar of International Affairs, Paraguayan Studies, Middle East Studies and Latin American Affairs, the article says: “At the beginning of 2014, the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan has embraced a series of projects in the areas of infrastructure development and public works as well as introduced a number of socio-economic reforms which are considered to be of high priority in order to ensure stable economic growth and better living standards for its citizens. The nation’s financial stability, growing international reputation and respect for the rule of law have been essential towards the completion of many infrastructure projects in Azerbaijan and is working tirelessly to ensure the completion of the natural gas supply lines nationwide.

The positive image of Azerbaijan in the World has made Baku one of the most attractive destinations for large multi-national corporations and real estate investors. As many foreign visitors have experienced in their recent visits, the quality of infrastructure projects in Azerbaijan is first rate, additionally the urban planning policies and governmental rules are considered to be among the best in the world. At the same time the relevant agencies in the Government of Azerbaijan have paid a great attention to quality control and have always maintained the completion of public works on schedule.

The Rural Roads National Fund is allocated appropriately and continues to grow its budget every year, therefore a large part of Azerbaijan’s rural population have access to good roads. However many roads require further maintenance and expansion. The construction of rural roads occupies a special place in the third Regional Development Program of Azerbaijan; additionally the President has allocated additional funds from his Contingency Fund in order to benefit this vital sector. In the next three years, the government of Azerbaijan will inaugurate a nationwide paved road system that will be very reliable to all its citizens and set a positive example in the region. Additionally, Baku has invested large resources on other infrastructure projects consisting of electrical grid systems and gas pipelines nationwide.

Fresh water lines and sanitation projects are currently being implemented throughout the country. The national budget has allocated significant resources in order to finance major investment projects that are already under way in major urban areas. In Azerbaijan there were many communities that have experienced difficulties for many years to have access to drinking water, now they have uninterrupted and round-the-clock supply of fresh water which complies with the standards of the World Health Organization. One of the high priorities of President Ilham Aliyev’s current administration is to build drinkable water lines on all cities and villages. The government agencies including “Azersu” and the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources are building water treatment plants of modular type in villages located along the rivers. Today, almost 500 thousand people living in these territories have non-stop access to a clean drinking water.

In 2014, over US$20 billion was invested in the national economy. Such a large amount has allowed Azerbaijan to develop major projects in infrastructure and public works. Azerbaijan has one of the lowest inflation rates in the world. Its macroeconomic stability is the main factor that ensures a stable economic development.

Agriculture has gained a special attention in the administration of President Ilham Aliyev, as a result his nation has achieved impressive results in developing large agricultural farms and secured a prestigious place in the global market of agricultural and dairy products. Substantial reforms are being implemented and they will ensure self-sufficiency in grain production for the whole population in Azerbaijan. The Government of President Ilham Aliyev is setting the standard by establishing large agricultural farms that operate within the world’s highest standards. The main priority of the agricultural sector is to expand its presence in the international markets and increase the quantity of agricultural products being exported to Europe.

In regards to national gasification project, this process has been steady and moving toward the right direction. In the next few years the gasification of Azerbaijan is expected to be distributed in over 95 percent of its territory. President Aliyev has been following the progress of this undertaking very closely and is informed on all the villages that have recently natural gas services available. Azerbaijan’s gas has also been heavily exported to Georgia.”

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http://azertag.az/en/xeber/802066

Azerbaijani ambassador briefs Spanish-speaking readers on Azerbaijan

09.09.2014 [20:43]

Baku, September 9 (AzerTAc). Spanish-language “Diario Siglo XXI”, “Sur1810” and “Eurasia Hoy” analytical news portals have posted an interview with Azerbaijan’s ambassador to Argentina Mammad Ahmadzade.

Interviewed by famous international relations expert Peter Tase, the ambassador focused on the history, cultural heritage, independence path, Armenia`s aggression against Azerbaijan, the country`s development strategy, socio-economic progress, foreign policy, Azerbaijan-Argentina cooperation.

The ambassador said that Azerbaijan is home to famous philosophers, poets, architects, musicians. The diplomat noted that Azerbaijan had always been the place of tolerance for various religions, ethnic groups.

Ahmadzade pointed out that the people of Azerbaijan established the first secular state, democratic republic in the Muslim East on May 28, 1918. Unfortunately, this government was toppled 23 months later as a result of the complex geopolitical situation in the region.

In 1991, Azerbaijan regained its independence. The country faced threats against sovereignty, domestic feud, economic squeezes and the aggression of Armenia. As a result, Azerbaijan lost Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjoining regions with 20 percent of the territory occupied by Armenia and a million Azerbaijanis displaced from their homes.

In such difficult situation, national leader Heydar Aliyev returned to power in 1993. As a result of his forward-looking policy, Azerbaijan cemented its independence. President Ilham Aliyev who continued Heydar Aliyev`s strategy made Azerbaijan a regional leader with the high economic growth rates.

The ambassador narrated about the Azerbaijan`s achievements in recent years. He touched upon the Azerbaijan2020: outlook for future development conception, which will ensure sustainable development in all fields.

Ahmadzade provided an insight into the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. He noted that Azerbaijan seeks to find a peaceful solution to the dispute, adding the country would never put up with the occupation of its territories.

On the Azerbaijan-Argentina relations, the ambassador said the documents signed would give an impetus to development of relations in various fields and bringing both peoples closer. He highlighted solid relations between the ADA University and National Diplomatic Service Institute (ISEN).

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http://azertag.az/en/xeber/793839

US expert writes on Azerbaijan’s strategic relations with United States

15.04.2014 [21:21]

Washington, April 15 (AzerTAc). The U.S. news portal “Foreign Policy News” has issued an article titled “Azerbaijan’s strategic relations with the United States” by expert on international relations Peter Tase.

The article reads: “Since its independence in 1991, the Republic of Azerbaijan places a special importance to the relations with Western countries and particularly with the United States of America. While maintaining such strong relations, with the United States, this partnership has always helped strengthen Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity, secured better economic reforms for its people, promoted regional transportation projects and above all, Washington has highly supported the democratic values and governance in Baku. The United States opened its embassy in Baku, and established its diplomatic relations in 1992. The United States has demonstrated a great commitment to help Azerbaijan establish an open market economy and embrace the strengthening democratic institutions and an independent justice system.

The United States has supported efforts that bring peace and prosperity in the region, as well as promoted peaceful ways to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

An important project where the United States has played a critical role is the Oil and Gas Transportation Projects, the establishment of the trans-regional corridors that will physically connect Europe with Azerbaijan, generate important revenue for its people and above all secure a long lasting partnership of this majestic nation, at the heart of the Caspian Sea, with the United States.

The close cooperation between Baku and Washington is a fundamental component for Azerbaijan in order to be integrated in the Global Economic network.

An important initiative in the area of regional economic development is the establishment of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan strategic pipeline, a corridor that would deliver the Caspian Sea’s oil and hydrogen carbonate resources to the World Market as well as integrate Azerbaijan’s economy with the world’s commerce. This pipeline took shape at the OSCE Istanbul Summit in 1999, where the presidents of Azerbaijan, Turkey, United States, Georgia, Kazakhstan, signed the mutual declaration on the development of the Baku – Tbilisi – Ceyhan corridor.

Another important project is the recent joint venture of a group of companies led by BP in signing a US$45 billion deal to transport natural gas, through a pipe line, from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz field to Italy, offering the European Union an alternative to Russian supplies.

Through this deal, BP will expand the Shah Deniz project in the Caspian Sea and the construction of pipelines across Turkey and into Greece, Albania and Italy. In a statement of December 2013, BP stated that “Production from the field will increase by 16 billion cubic meters a year. That is equal to about 1.5 percent of Europe’s total consumption.

Azerbaijan’s economic relations with United States have flourished since the establishment of their diplomatic ties in 1992. Both countries have a bilateral trade agreement and a bilateral investment treaty. According to the State Department, American energy companies, are engaged in “offshore oil development projects with Azerbaijan” as well as are exploring opportunities in the telecommunications sector. Additionally, Baku has been designated as a beneficiary country under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program, under which a range of products that Azerbaijan might seek to export are eligible for duty-free entry to the United States. This program is essential for Azeri investors who produce commodities in the Caspian nation and are able to export duty free products that can promote Azerbaijan’s international trade objectives in the US Markets.

The Republic of Azerbaijan, under the assistance of United States armed Forces, has improved the performance of its inter-operational units which are present now in Iraq, field troops in Afghanistan as well as Kosovo.

According to the Department of Defense, in the last decade, United States has showed a great commitment towards strengthening Azerbaijan’s security forces and improves its role to contribute to security and stability in the broader region. The U.S. supports the development of Azerbaijan’s defense and security institutions, includes training and advising in civil-military relations, professional military education, and emergency management.”

The full text of the article is available at http://foreignpolicynews.org/2014/04/10/azerbaijans-strategic-relations-united-states/.

http://azertag.az/en/xeber/89824